Metric DC (and everything you need to know about it)

Metric DC is a digital currency that I’ve introduced to tackle most of the problems of cryptocurrencies, as well as national currencies. Using crypto as money that you buy and sell things with, hasn’t been easy for Bitcoin. Private currencies like Bitcoin or gold backed currencies could have been adopted, but they haven’t. Why is that? Here, I will explain the universal problems that all money faces, and then introduce Metric DC.

The biggest problems in general only need simple fixes, so Metric DC is not a major overhaul of our economic and monetary systems, rather it’s an easier way to consider complex topics, such as what money really is and how much money needs to be created for the economy to work best. Even though we all want a global currency, you’ll see why it really hasn’t been possible until now, how The Federal Reserve and other central banks keep a currency valuable (usually by making it weaker!), and how Metric DC is better.

The right money supply

Money supply is a major part of the problem when it comes to having a strong economy. Usually, a central bank is in charge of making these decisions about how fast or slow to grow money supply, or in the case of crypto, is built in to an algorithm. If new money is created faster than new participants join, the value of the money falls. If new money is created slowly (or not at all), then new participants will find it difficult and eventually impossible to participate in the economy. In both scenarios, prices of goods and services will be volatile and therefore, the new money won’t be adopted.

Here is how Metric DC solved that.

First of all, Metric DC is the first currency based on the Metric Economic Unit. We grow the money supply in a standard and very limited way because the Metric Economic Unit, or MEU, specifies how to create a transparent money supply that every monetary system can use. Our new unit of money is called the Metric and 1 Metric is equal to 1 / 1,000,000th of an MEU *. Don’t be confused, because all you need to know is that the money supply of Metric DC is “price stable” since it is based on the MEU.

In the case of currencies that have a fixed money supply which never change, these always die off because adding new participants into the economy becomes impossible. People hold their money instead of spending it.

Money Traps (liquidity traps)

Money always becomes trapped at the end of economic cycles which is what causes crashes. The classic business cycle consists of an expansionary phase where businesses and consumers borrow money, thus increasing the money supply, thus increasing economic growth, then followed by a contraction phase, where no more money can possibly be lent out or borrowed, the money supply shrinks, businesses and people hold money rather than spend it (deflation), and the economy shrinks.

The later part, this contraction phase, is where central banks and governments must intervene, because the only way to fix every form of money becoming trapped (called a liquidity trap), is by getting money to people. If they don’t, the entire economy stops. The cause of this trap is simple: If you own assets that produce income, then saving money rather than investing or spending it will allow you to buy more assets and cheaper labor at a later date, and now a self-created deflationary spiral has been created whereby participation in the economy falls, and access to money becomes scarce.

The usual money trap fixes

Central banks and governments have an easy fix; get people money. They do this a few ways. The most popular is to lower interest rates, because this makes it easier for people to borrow new money, thus increasing the money supply. However, with interest rates close to zero, governments will eventually have to pay people to borrow money, and this still doesn’t solve the underlying causes of our liquidity traps which will occur again when maximum lending has again been reached.

Another ageless trick to get out of a money trap is to just make more money. If asset holders are worried about inflation from new money being created, they will borrow and spend as fast as possible. This also works to start a new business cycle, but again, it does not solve the underlying problem and comes with other hard questions, for instance, who do you give the new money to? Additionally, if money printing stops, so does the economy. This method has bad side effects, as it lowers the value of money for everyone making labor cheaper which isn’t good for workers, and it also leads to wealth inequality because asset owners see the value of their holdings rise, while families without assets see their purchasing power decline.

Finally, taxation that leads to redistribution of money back in to the economy can go a long way to create a stable national currency, however, this method really only works if you have access to tax the money. Many jurisdictions allow money to sit tax-free indefinitely. Also, when the money has been taxed once, it doesn’t have to be taxed again until it’s spent somewhere else.

There is a nice incentive in taxation in that if you spend the money to build business and pay labor, you reduce your tax burden while increasing wealth. This is how many companies, especially Amazon, paid little in income taxes because their income was reinvested back in to the business. As long as people keep spending money, on anything really, the more stable your economy and currency value will remain.

How Metric DC solves money traps

Central banks introduce an X factor into an economy because you never know exactly what they are going to do, so I dislike this approach very much and want an automated, predictable way to solve the problem of money traps. In the end, we need to accomplish the following :

  1. Keep participation as high as possible.
  2. Get people to consume and invest as much as possible.

Solving these two issues will prevent money traps and optimize for a more dynamic economy.

Two simple policies are implemented by Metric DC to eliminate central bank intervention, and they are to 1) tax unproductive (e.g. unused) money, and 2) to redistribute the unproductive money to all participants. Although unintended, some readers will identify this as functionally equivalent to Milton Friedman’s negative income tax scheme, or to the concept of Universal Basic Income (UBI). This UBI style distribution actually keeps the monetary value stable without any effect on money supply.

How this works in practice

  1. Unused money (e.g. unproductive money) is taxed at 1% monthly. This happens automatically.
  2. That money is redistributed equally to all participants, equaling a 10,000 Metric per month deposit.
  3. All participants are securely verified. There can be one and only-one verified account per participant.

As an example, take an account with a 0 balance. 1% is taxed away, totaling 0 metrics, then 10,000 metrics are deposited, leaving the account with a balance of 10,000. The following month, 1% is taxed away, totaling 100 metrics, and 10,000 more are deposited, resulting in a balance of 19,900 metrics. The account will continue to grow like this and at one-million metrics, will reach equilibrium where 1% of the unproductive tax will equal the same as the redistribution payment of 10,000 metrics. Above one-million metrics, the account will slowly decline, for example, an account with two-million metrics will lose 10,000 metrics per month if no other income is added to the account.

As you can see, this creates a strong incentive to spend your metrics, either using them to consume goods or services, or to use them to invest in savings, such as by buying stocks, starting a business, or expanding your labor force. It also gets everyone participating at a basic level in the global economy which optimizes aspects of capitalism, especially choice and competition, and does all this without expanding the money supply.

What is money, really?

In the big picture, how we divide our attention universally is the role of money. The relative worth of money between individuals and nations can change all the time, but the big idea is that we use money to allocate attention to things that are important to us as human beings. This is one reason why with Metric DC, all humans get to participate once they prove their identity, since the money supply is exactly specified and limited, and we’ve removed manipulations caused by governments and central banks.

Money is fascinating because it is so well studied and modeled and yet so poorly understood. If we really understood money, we would find and measure economic value in things that today have no clearly defined value, such as parenting, protecting our climate, creating cohesive communities, caring for elderly, feeding and sheltering vulnerable people, etc, etc, while also rewarding people who are most productive.

This is why Metric DC encourages that everyone has a base level of ability to consume in the economy. After all, money cannot be wasted. If I make a bad decision with some money, that money goes to someone else who has the opportunity to make a different, better decision. If I spend it in my community, then others in my community have more chances to be active in a healthy economy. What’s important is to keep money flowing, and to give people lots of economic chances. Money is not wealth, it’s only how we denominate wealth. Wealth comes from having strong, inclusive, fast paced, and balanced economies.

What is the goal of Metric DC?

Metric DC was built for making transactions, accumulating wealth, and participating in the economy. My hope is that it leads to more choices that will make the future sustainable, get politics and government out of the business of money, and that quality of life will increase for all.

Using Metric DC

Sign up for Metric DC at metricdc.org.

* 1 Metric is the same as 1 MicroMEU

Metric Economic Units – A basis for universal currencies

A Metric Economic Unit (MEU) is a universal standard for ensuring price stability through a simple, and well understood money supply. It enhances economic confidence and trust in any currency that is based on it. Money supply based on MEU is fixed to the number of participants in an economy and nothing else.

MEUs stabilize money using money supply

Like Dollars and Euros, MEUs are a measure of economic potential capacity and allow people to transact with each other with minimal friction and no transaction costs. Where these currencies differ is in the fact that MEUs are always fixed to participants.

1 MEU is equal to the total economic potential of a single verified participant.

For example, if your economy consists of 1,000,000 people, the money supply is capped at 1,000,000 MEUs, or in other words, 1 MEU per person.

MEUs are to money what micrometers are to meters; 1 million micrometers are equal to 1 meter, and 1 million MicroMEUs are equal to the total economic potential of any person, or 1 MEU. Although the economic value of an MEU is free to change over time, the basis on which it’s supply is created remains fixed and predictable so that prices remain stable.

MEUs can be created in advance and distributed to participants, or can be created over time and introduced in to a system slowly. The only requirement is that the total money supply is capped at 1 MEU per participant.

They are infinitely divisible, with a MircoMEU representing 1/1,000,000 of an MEU.

The fair value of an MEU

MEUs need not define a specific value-per-unit, because free markets discover their relative value. This is the purpose of price discovery, to find out what the relative value is between participants and to cause prices of goods and services to adjust.

Money supply based on MEUs can be more democratic in that they offer a simple basis to help to prevent manipulation of a currency’s value. Often times when governments introduce new money and therefore debase existing money, the new money disproportionately advantages asset holders, as the relative value of assets go up, but the relative influence of labor on prices tends to remain the same.

A money supply that is pegged to MEUs (rather than gold, GDP, inflation, and various other schemes) allows participants to instinctively understand the underlying value of the currency as some fraction of economic potential that they will produce or consume.

Anti-fragile

In adopting MEUs as the basis of a currency, a number of manipulation factors are removed. Money supply that cannot exceed one-million times the number of participants need not experience runaway inflation where prices need to be continually adjusted, and existing currency debased.

Governments tracking statistics using MEUs can look at data that has a consistent relational value over time, rather than needing to be adjusted for price changes due to monetary policy.

Currencies based on MEUs can be used globally or nationally, but with confidence and stability in their exchange value. After all, if one nation’s currency is based on the same underlying mechanism as another’s, you can exchange from one to another with the same understanding of value, as the currencies differ only in name and jurisdiction.

The Metric Digital Currency

The Metric DC is a central bank issued global digital currency that is implemented using MEUs. When a new and unique participant verifies their identity, the money supply limit increases upward to accommodate the new participant, although the actual money supply only increases slowly to approach the new set limit. This is done by spending new money in to the system, as a direct payment to participants on a daily basis, and also on the expenses of maintaining the Metric DC infrastructure.

Discover more about Metric DC or visit https://metricdc.org.

“Părinții care strâng monede virtuale pentru zestrea copiilor”

Sursa aici in Radio Europa Libera Romania: “Crypto-alocația. Părinții care strâng monede virtuale pentru zestrea copiilor“.

În domeniul criptomonedelor, persoanele care le păstrează mai multă vreme de numesc „hodleri”.

E ironic că termenul “HODL” pe care l-a spus caracterul Hodor din serialul “Game of Thrones” e o cheie care îi prevestește moartea. Și a murit dureros. La finalul serialului, există o ușă care le protejează pe personaje care reprezintă “status quo”-ul împotriva zombii de gheață și pe care Hodor trebie să o țînă închisă că să le protejeze. Îl vedem că spune “Hodl” (“hold the door! hodadoor! hodl!”) până zombii de gheață l-au ucis. Nu vreau s-o lungesc… Nu vrei să rămâi la urmă.

Ideea de cryptomonedă e simplă și strategia să investești e la fel că cea cu care investești la bursă. O să cumperi cryptomoneda astăzi, și mâine trebuie să găsești o persoană să îi vinzi la fel cryptomoneda la preț dublu . Dar, pentru că cryptomoneda e monedă, nu trebuie să folosești cryptomoneda. Ai 50 de lei în pantalonii tăi? O să le propui vecinilor tăi că le vinzi 50 de lei la prețul de 100 de lei, și mâine ei pot să vândâ 50 de lei la prețul de 200 de lei. În acest caz, toți o să beneficieze.

Dacă ce îți spun sună că o schemă piramidală, trebuie să îți amintești că piramida e structura cea mai solidâ pe care omenirea a făcut-o.

FAQ – Are Chances real money?

Are Chances real money?

Yes. They can be traded, exchanged, and have value.


Are Chances the same as Bitcoin?

No. Chances are a digital currency unlike Bitcoin. They feature privacy and have no transaction fees. The key features of Chances are an elastic, predictable money supply, high transactability, and an incentive to spend the money, rather than hold it.


How long does a transaction take to complete?

Transactions complete immediately.


Is the price stable?

Yes. This is because the money supply is elastic and pegged to the number of verified members. It grows automatically as verified members join and use the platform.


Can I invest in Chances like in bitcoin?

No. The currency is price stable, and designed for making transactions. There are no miners, and no incentive for holding the currency long term. You can, however, use Chances to build wealth in new businesses, services, and products, by paying for goods and labor in Chances.


Can I become a miner?

No, there are no miners.


How do I get an “air-drop”

You cannot. There are no air-drops, no early participation rewards, and no need for such things. Our foundation does not trade Chances for other currencies, and is not for profit. When you confirm your identity and are approved on the platform, you will receive an allotment of 1.000.000 c$. Every beneficiary receives one and only one allotment.


If every beneficiary receives 10.000c$ each month, why isn’t there inflation?

The 10.000c$ deposited each month is funded by a 1% draw that happens across the network. Accounts above 1.000.000c$ will see their accounts shrink slightly every month (less than 1%). Accounts less than 1.000.000c$ will see a slight increase every month, with an amount that becomes larger and larger the closer to 0c$ the account is. Accounts at 0c$ will see 10,000c$ deposited. This is because 1% is being drawn, and 10.000c$ are being put back in.


Economic traps make good people stick with bad ideas

“What would happen if we paid people to stop doing useless sh*t?”

It’s true enough to say that every modern economy requires it’s citizens to justify their existence economically. Most of us have to convince others that we are worth something, that we have some insight, and from this stems sometimes perverse incentives that leave many people trapped and even perpetuate bad ideas and bad behavior, like fraud and crime. When your livelihood relies on a situation that is corrupt, immoral, inefficient, deceptive, or otherwise a drag to society, you might find yourself with little economic incentive to make it stop. Quite the contrary, you might feel you have to figure out how to keep it going so that you can live. You might even say to yourself, “if I don’t give these people what they want (e.g., take advantage of the situation), someone else will.”

13 best ways to become economically trapped: (presented as clickbait)

  1. Start down a career path that you later come to realize is unnecessary and of no personal value. Stick with it to retirement.
  2. Give up your career to become the 24/7 caregiver of your children. Added bonus, grab yourself an abusive spouse (pun intended).
  3. Become an influencer for anti-aging creams that you later come to know are equivalent in usefulness to selling dog piss and melted snow. Keep selling it because, “people are going to buy it from someone else, anyway.”
  4. Learn to become a productivity guru and market yourself as having supernatural powers to “ten ex (10x)” any business teams’ sales.
  5. Become a day trader. Lose your money. Raise money for investment fund from family and collect a 20% yearly management fee to provide them with “expert insight.”
  6. Join a religion. Become a paid figurehead in some community of said religion. Lose faith. Tell yourself, “I’m just telling people what they need to hear.
  7. Find out your boss is stealing money. Don’t report it… you like your job. Be an accomplice to crime.
  8. Witness your friend commit gang related crime. Witness your friend’s gang tell you to “shut the f*’up or die.” Now prove your loyalty by committing crime.
  9. Go to prison. Serve your time. Never qualify for a job ever again. Go directly to 6.

Imagine you join a cult. At first it seems eye-opening, transformative even, and you feel that you’re becoming a bold and brave new person. You move your family to Podunksville where all the excitement is happening and in order to be closer to the epicenter. Your enthusiasm eventually leads you to getting paid for each new member you sign up.

All of your economic life become closely entwined with life in the cult, as you are paid for your cult marketing services through the money you help to bring in for it. The more members you sign up, the better.

But one day, you get a glimpse that something is off. The cult you used to know and love has become perverted and it’s ideals cheapened somehow. “Stay away,” you think to tell others. But if you do, what happens to your livelihood? Forgetting the social consequences, it’s economically daunting to be honest about your situation, because you will effectively be punished for discouraging new recruits and telling people to stay away.

Welcome. You are now officially trapped, so you continue to bring in new recruits. You feel that if you don’t, your existence will be in jeopardy. Maybe, you also feel that if you had been able to discourage new recruits by showing them the truth of the situation, you might have bettered the entire economy by keeping people from spending time and effort on bad ideas. Alas, no one wants to pay you to give up bad ideas. That kind of thing just doesn’t exist yet.

Why cryptocoins have not been adopted by the marketplace

Crypto coins are functionally the same as equities in that they have a constrained supply, reward early participants, are used mainly to raise capital in the form of an external currency, with the exception that in comparison to owning equity, owning coins represents no proportionate value of any underlying value in particular.

Because their money supplies are constrained, volatility relative to other currencies, in addition to transaction fees and major security and privacy flaws, make them worthless to transact with. You wouldn’t buy pizza if it takes you 5% in fees, 4 hours for the transaction to process, and your wallet value might increase or decrease 50% in that time it takes to process the transaction.

Transaction fees, transaction times, energy expenses, and locked wallets are technical challenges that can be overcome. But the money supply issue is at the heart of why cryptocoins can’t be a transactable currency. A fixed, inelastic money supply cripples the ability for ordinary, non investing participants in an economy to acquire and use it. Bitcoin neither represents any underlying wealth, nor makes it possible for people in a marketplace to transact with it.

CHANCES: Whitepaper on digital money optimized for transacting and universal adoption

Abstract: To the question, “what features would make for an ideal, highly transactable, universally adopted digital currency?” we explore major limitations with existing cryptocurrencies and propose a digital money called CHANCES.

What is the ideal currency?

The ideal currency would have stable prices, an elastic and predictable money supply, no transaction costs, and be widely obtainable by participants in any economy. We consider the relationships between wealth, assets, and money, and propose CHANCES as a better currency than traditional fiat and cryptos, and we take full advantage of an all digital currency.

CHANCES…

… pegs the money supply to the total number of verified participants.

… gives 1.000.000 (one-million) c$ to every new verified participant

… allows one and only one authentic registration (participants cannot sign up more than once)

… continuously replenishes verified accounts below 1.000.000 c$ (without inflating money supply, at up to 10.000 c$ monthly)

… slowly draws money from accounts over 1.000.000 c$ (at a rate of less than 1% per month)

… has no transaction fees, no miners, can reverse fraudulent transactions, and insure deposits.

Why?

Money is in all ways relative. It is not wealth, in and of itself, so what is it?

CHANCES supposes that in modern, western economies, which are roughly 2/3rds service based, money mainly represents economic potential, such as the ability to command someone’s attention to perform labor or a service or to create something to be consumed. CHANCES explicitly draws on this connection by supposing that 1.) the money supply represents the total economic potential of all participants in an economy, 2.) that a unit of money represents some portion of potential thereof, and 3.) since the economic value is different between each participant, the function of the marketplace is to continuously discover these relative values and adjust money flows (income and prices) proportionately. For example, a doctor might be paid more than a car mechanic, which is what the marketplace participants are free to discover.

CHANCES looks at money as economic potential, and considers that it must be replenished continuously through the economy and that high participation optimizes choice and competition in a marketplace.

We suppose that the initial allotment of 1.000.000 c$ is approximately 8.5 years of average potential economic value of any random individual. Initial allotments help produce new capital pools to be used in organized endeavors within the economy and can be used to expand money supply through lending and borrowing.

10.000 c$ is distributed to all identity-verified accounts monthly to replenish participation capability in the economy, and proves each verified participant credit worthy. This distribution is funded by simultaneously drawing 1% monthly from all account balances. This has the following effect on verified account balances:

Starting balanceMonthly change
0+ 10.000 c$
500.000+ 5.000 c$
1.000.000no change
1.500.000– 5.000 c$
2.000.000– 10.000 c$

Unverified and anonymous accounts may exist, however, they are not given an initial allotment and do not receive any monthly benefit. Additionally, they are still subject to the 1% universal draw-down and they do not affect the base money supply.

Money supply

Pegging money supply to number of verified participants (benefactors) is a novel way to to keep prices stable while encouraging the network to grow. There is no hold and wait incentive that shows up in traditional cryptocurrencies, and there is no late-adopter penalty where people who come in later pay more to enter.

The following shows the relationship between verified participants and the money supply.

AccountsBase Money Supply (in millions)Relative Value
1 verified account
1 wallet
1 c$1
1 verified account
100 wallets
1 c$1
1000 verified accounts
10.952 wallets
1.000 c$1
365.000.000 verified accounts
1bln wallets
365.000.000 c$1
8 bln verified accounts
100 bln wallets
8.000.000.000 c$1

Operating and maintaining this public, not for profit network will require overhead. We propose that internal accounts will be created and tied exclusively to a CHANCES Foundation. These accounts will be listed publicly and used to spend money on the network to cover operational costs which will also be publicly posted. Internally used accounts will be subject to the same 1% draw and replenishment rules.

Features of Chances

ChancesBitcoin
CentralizedYesNo
Reversible TransactionsYesNo
Transaction feesNoneVariable/high
Transaction speedImmediate*1 hour+
Deposit insuranceYesNo
PrivacyYesNo
AnonymityNo**No
Money supplyElasticConstrained
Price volatilityStableVolatile
TransactabilityHighLow
Low energy consumptionYesNo
Cryptographically secureYesYes
MeaningfulYesNo
Incentive to spendYesNo
* Variable
** Functionally, not anonymous.

Privacy & anonymity

Anonymity is the ability to transact without exposing identifying information to any counter-party or 3rd-party. Privacy is a degree of protection from having your transactions disclosed to a 3rd-party.

Cryptocoins, although transactionally secure, offer no anonymity above and beyond existing methods available to all forms of money, such as obfuscation through legal entities, or bank mixing schemes, and indeed, they decrease privacy as every transaction is publicly recorded. One need only know some number of wallet locations and their benefactors in order to reveal a detailed picture of participants.

Primary exposure points include:

  • Exchanging into crypto at market through an exchange.
  • Establishing “mining” setups while paying for them with non-crypto currency.
  • Behavioral analysis, by tracking the flow of transactions and their timings to deduce whom has transacted.
  • Use of third party wallets.

Truly, in any mode of exchange, some level of personal detail is exposed, and any transaction can only be undertaken if the benefits outweigh the risk of exposure. Many transactions indeed benefit from knowing the counter party to the transaction, such as when using bank cards and 3rd party payment processors to create safe and trustworthy shopping environments.

Although not anonymous, typical banking laws in OECD countries offer superior privacy to distributed ledger based crypto currencies. True anonymity for a widely adopted currency seems neither possible nor practical, and we instead take a view towards privacy in establishing the framework for Chances.

Distributed ledgers

Given that distributed ledgers do not protect privacy, we do not intend to implement them for CHANCES. We expect to use a cryptographically secure, private ledger than can be audited without disclosing user information.

Why has nobody adopted crypto for transacting?

Please see a break-out of this discussion. Why cryptocoins have not been adopted by the marketplace

Resources

https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

Peak attention and the coming attention recession

The 2020 pandemic is quite possibly the maximum amount of “out of pocket attention” that us humans could, or will ever need to, allocate to pressing distractions in every corner of our periphery. Is it possible to consume more headlines, feeds, stories, or Netflix originals than we can consume during a long lockdown?

If only a small percentage of a consuming population claws back some portion of their day-to-day attention, whether it’s replaced by some curiosity of their own, or simply the burden of re-starting a commute, we will see that the businesses which boomed during lockdown be penalized to some degree. If there could be a renaissance of attention, we would hopefully see even greater shifts in our economy. All of us spending more of our attention on creative endeavors makes competition stiffer and choice greater.

Competition and choice is terrible for equity markets.

In the future, will robots be attending to most of what’s important, for us? Are they already doing that?